Discover ‘Neues Bauen’ in the Bauhaus style in Celle
With over 490 colourful half-timbered houses, Celle as the ‘Jewel on the Aller’ presents the largest compact ensemble of its kind in Europe and is one of the most splendid towns in Germany. The picturesque Guelph Palace and the modern 24-hour-art museum located next to the impressive Bomann Museum in the Old Town are well-known.
Less well-known, however, is that Celle is effectively the birthplace of ‘Neues Bauen’ (‘New Objectivity’ – modern functional building design) and with regard to Bauhaus architecture ranks in the same league as the towns of Weimar and Dessau, not only in terms of the quantity of the beautifully preserved buildings which are still partially used for their original purpose, but also in terms of quality, such as the ‘Altstädter Schule’ which in the 1920s came to international fame as the ‘Glass School’, attracting visitors from all over the world.
The number of visitors was so great that the school management was forced to restrict visiting hours to Thursday afternoons and Saturday midmornings and to charge 50 pfennigs entry fee which was used to buy milk for the pupils.
The ‚Glass School’ which is used to this day as an elementary school is recognized as one of the most important Bauhaus buildings worldwide and is a UNESCO-worthy object.
Celle owes its global architectural significance regarding Bauhaus architecture to the architect Otto Haesler who during the Weimar Republic through the use of innovative and technically constructive elements combined with a consequent commitment to socially compatible functionality, and at a time of enormous financial pressure, seized on the post-war spirit which was characterized by a housing shortage and perfected social housing.
Through his clear design language, the use of primary colours as well as the incorporation of steel-tube furniture which was produced in Celle, Haesler belongs, alongside Walter Gropius and Hannes Meyer, to the pioneers and forerunners of ‘Neues Bauen’ or Bauhaus architecture.
Many of these building projects such as the colourful, impressive red and blue houses in the ‘Italienischer Garten’ estate as well as other Haesler buildings like the ‘Director’s House’ and the Haesler Museum where attention to detail has been placed, are open to the public.
For the Bauhaus anniversary year in 2019 under the motto ‘Baroque meets Bauhaus’ many events, exhibitions and activities are planned.
Our tour at the edge of Celle’s Old Town leads to the buildings designed by Otto Haesler. He was one of the first German architects to replace the traditional brick construction method by a steel frame construction method. His housing estates designed for families with a modest income as well as the ‘Glass School’ and the ‘Director’s House’ served as models for modern architecture. They are significant examples of the ‘Neues Bauen’ phase during the Weimar Republic.
Various Bauhaus guided tours, on foot, on bicycle and on Segway, will be available from Spring 2018. Date inquiries are now possible.
Further information about the Bauhaus and
guided tours gives you the
Guided tour service
Markt 14 - 16
Tel.: +49 5141 9090816