On this archaeological tour find out more about the prehistory, the early history and the development of the town of Celle.
The tour begins by the Pfennig Bridge. Cross the bridge and cycle along the Dammaschwiese passing the Medicinal Herb Garden (an Expo project of Celle Municipality in 2000) where you can find out more about the many different types of plants presented or visit café ‘KräuThaer’ on the premises. Continue past the tennis courts. On the right-hand side you can see the historical home of Albrecht D. Thaer, built in classicistic style.
Continuing along the lane ‘Im Güldenen Winkel’, you will reach a wooded area. At the end of the lane turn right and you are now on a forest path along the ‘Freitagsgraben’. At the next opportunity cross the ‘Freitagsgraben’ to the left and you reach the street ‘Am Tiergarten’. Now carry on, keeping right and cycling along the Lachte stream until you cross the ‘Hausbugenweg’. On this section you pass a pre-historic cemetery from the earlier Pre-Roman Iron Age (700-400 BC). Watch out for the corresponding information board. Here on a range of hills, the Schwalbenberg (‘Swallows Hill’), urn graves were once laid out. At that time no grave mounds were built, instead urns were buried shallowly, so the cemetery can not easily be detected (the finds can be seen in the Bomann Museum). The countryside in the vicinity of the burial site is charming, it is influenced by the formation of dunes which developed during the last cold stage.
Now carry on and by the ‘Hausbugenweg’ take a right-turn and cross the Lachte stream, reaching the river bed of the ‘Alte Lachte’ which you follow to the left. A small bridge enables you to carry on to the right towards the River Aller. Follow the path for ca. 400 m and then turn to the right towards the ‘Aller Cycle Path’. Cycling along the ‘Aller Cycle Path’ you then reach the K 74. Watch out when crossing the road as it is very busy! A bicycle lane along the road takes you into Altencelle.
When entering Altencelle at the first turning keep to the right and cycle along the ‘Alte Dorfstraße’, turning left into the ‘Oehlmannsweg’. You finally reach the ‘Gertrudenkirche’ (Gertrud Church). It was built around the year 1000 in pre-Romanic and early Gothic styles. Visiting the Gothic carved altar is recommended.
Turning left return to the village centre via the street ‚An der Gertrudenkirche’, and having reached the main village street turn left again. You see the ‘Allerkrug’ inn on the left-hand side where you can stop for refreshments. Turn right into the ‘Kalandstraße’. After 70 m an information board informs you that the heart of the first-ever settlement in the Celle area (around 1240) was located here, the so called ‘Brunonenburg’ (‘Castle of the Brunones’). Here on the bank of the River Aller the town’s toll gate controlled the medieval goods traffic transported by ship.
Carry on along ‚Bleckenweg’, crossing two roundabouts, then turn left following the signpost to the observation point of the ‘Nienburg’ (‘Nien Castle’). From here you see the site of a former Carolingian castle.
Now return to ’Bleckenweg’ and keep left. The next turning to the right takes you to ‘Adolf-Knoop-Straße’, then to ‘Hildegard-Wallis-Straße’ and finally into ‘Lückenweg’. From here you turn left into ‘Braunschweiger Heerstraße’ (B 214) where you keep left before crossing it to turn into ‘Bruchkampweg’. Turn right after crossing the railway crossing, you then reach ‘Bublitzer Weg’. After following it you turn left into the ‘Hünenweg’ and arrive at a grave mound cemetery of the early Bronze Age. Take a short walk across the terrain.
The ‚Hünenweg’ takes you to the ’Rudolf-Harbig-Straße’ from where you turn left into ‚Burger Landstraße’. After crossing it turn left cycling into the street ‘Zum Burgwall’. You arrive at a castle mound with a height of ca. 5 m and a diameter of 70 cm
After visiting the mound return to ‚Burger Landstraße’ and carry on to Nienhagen. At the ‘Alte Bahnhof’ turn right and then carry straight on to Bennebostel. In the ‘Backhaus Bennebostel’, a historical farmyard, you can celebrate parties and festivities, by arrangement.
Carry on along the K 62 which later turns to the right in the direction of Westercelle. You encounter a group of Bronze Age barrows in which urns were reburied during the Iron Age from 700 BC. There is a total of 20 grave mounds in this small wooded section along the path. A little further north you see an ancient peat barge ditch (in existence until 1765).
Cycle from ‚Wilhelm-Hasselmann-Straße’ via ‘Lindenstraße’ to ‘Fischerstraße’. The ‘Café Müller’ lies on along the route. Here you can take some refreshments. After crossing ‘Wederweg” turn into ‘Münchhausenstraße’ and follow the ‘Fuhserandweg’ across the River Fuhse until you reach the French Garden. Via ‘Wehlstraße’ and ‘Fritzenwiese’ return to the Pfennigbrücke as the starting point.
The route from ‘Hausbugenweg’ to the River Aller is unsurfaced, the last section (‘Wiesenweg’) is quite difficult to negotiate. Watch out for traffic when crossing the K 74, ‘Braunschweiger Hererstraße’ (B 214) and ‘Wederweg’.
A 7, exit 50 Schwarmstedt, onto the B 214 direction of Schwarmstedt/Niendorf/Celle/Wietze, follow signs to Celle.